President Abdel-Fattah Al-Sisi appointed long-standing politician Fayza Abul Naga as national security advisor on Wednesday.
Abul Naga served for nine years as minister of state for international cooperation under President Hosni Mubarak and had negotiated with Washington for annual non-military aid from the US. Following Mubarak’s ouster in February 2011, she was one of the few of his cabinet ministers retained in the military-led transitional government.
At the end of 2011, Abul Naga led the criminal case against three American NGOs, chartered by the US Congress to promote democracy, for allegedly receiving unauthorised foreign funding: the International Republican Institute, the National Democratic Institute and Freedom House.
Abul Naga started her diplomatic career in 1975. In 1987, she served as coordinator of Egypt’s defence team at the Taba Arbitration Tribunal in Geneva.
Throughout her political career, she also served in different capacities such as Deputy Assistant Minister of Foreign Affairs for African Bilateral Relations, Permanent Representative of Egypt to the United Nations in Geneva, and Permanent Representative of Egypt to the World Trade Organization.
In 2001, she became the first female Minister of State for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation in Egypt and the Arab World. In 2004, she was appointed Minister of State for International Cooperation.
Abul Naga was also a member of parliament in 2010, representing the province of Port Said. She had won one of the two seats reserved for women.
She is a member of a number of policy-making ministerial committees such as the Supreme Council for planning, Supreme Inter-Ministerial Committee for Nile Water, the Social Fund for Development (SFD) board, and the Education Development Fund board.
Abul Naga undertook a Master’s degree in political science from the University of Geneva in 1989.
Al-Sisi also named retired general, Ahmed Gamal El-Din, who was one of the interior ministers under former Islamist president Morsi, as a presidential advisor for “security affairs and combating terrorism.”
The president convened with both officials on Wednesday to address their visions in tackling security issues challenging the country.