Egyptians are set to witness the final moments of the so-called “trial of the century”, as former president Hosni Mubarak awaits sentencing on Saturday.
Mubarak, who was ousted after 30 years in office during the 25 January Revolution in 2011, will either be convicted or declared innocent on Saturday 29 November, ending over 1,300 days of trial and court sessions.
Some other top figures from the Mubarak regime are also awaiting the court’s verdict on various charges, including Mubarak’s sons, Alaa and Gamal, business tycoon Hussein Salem, former interior minister Habib Al-Adly, as well as six of his top security aides.
On 11 April 2011, the general prosecutor issued an arrest warrant against Mubarak and other defendants, on charges of killing protesters and creating a security vacuum during the 18-day revolution, as police personnel had clearly been given orders at the time to abandon their posts throughout the country.
Two days later, Mubarak and his aides were held under precautionary detention.
Soon after, Mubarak and his aides were referred to court on charges of killing peaceful protesters, financial corruption and embezzlement.
After 12 months of court sessions, Mubarak and Al-Adly were sentenced to 25 years in prison on 2 June 2012, while Al-Adly’s aides were acquitted.
On 13 January 2013, the court accepted the appeal presented by Mubarak and Al-Adly’s lawyers, and ordered the retrial of all the defendants.
Mubarak’s first retrial session was held on 11 May 2013.
On 13 August 2014, Mubarak gave his first court statement, pleading innocent of the charges levelled against him and saying he did not order the killing of protesters and that he would have never allowed a security vacuum to take over the country.
Mubarak was set to be sentenced on 27 September 2014 session, but the court announced the postponement of the verdict to 29 November.